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India is located in the south of the Asian. It is the seventh-largest country by geographical area, the second-most populous country with over 1.2 billion people, and the most populousdemocracy in the world. The Indian economy is the world's eleventh-largest by nominal GDP and third-largest by purchasing power parity (PPP). Following market-based economic reforms in 1991, India became one of the fastest-growing major economies; it is considered a newly industrialised country. However, it continues to face the challenges of poverty, illiteracy, corruption, and inadequate public healthcare. A nuclear weapons state and a regional power, it has the third-largest standing army in the world and ranks ninth in military expenditure among nations. India is a federal constitutional republic governed under a parliamentary system consisting of 28 states and 7 union territories. India is a pluralistic, multilingual, and multiethnic society. It is also home to a diversity of wildlife in a variety of protected habitats.


India being a tropical country has diversity in climates. There are 8 different climatic zones in the continent of Asia. The monsoon season is the most common of these but sometimes it varies by some days or months. Some regions in India have hot tropical weather while some parts have heavy monsoons. There are various other seasons that follow suit. There are conventionally 6 seasons considered as the usual Indian seasons. This climate of India has seasons those can be classified in 6 different cycles of around 2 months apart. According to the Hindu calendar, these are named as the spring, summer, monsoons, early autumn, late autumn, and winter.


India's telecommunication system is highly developed. India is served by an extensive system of automatic telephone exchanges connected by modern networks of fiber-optic cable, coaxial cable, microwave radio relay and is being served by one of the largest domestic satellite systems ( INSAT ) of the world. India possesses a diversified communications systems that link all parts of the country by telephone, Internet, radio, television and telegraph. The primary regulatory body of telecommunications in India is the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India ( TRAI ).India has the world's second-largest mobile phone user base with over 919 million users as of March 2012. It has the world's third-largest Internet users with over 121 million as of December 2011. In recent times India has become the world's most competitive and one of the fastest growing telecom markets.


In India, people learn the essential themes of cultural life within the bosom of a family. In most of the country, the basic units of society are the patrilineal family unit and wider kinship groupings. Large families tend to be flexible and well-suited to modern Indian life, especially for the 67 percent of Indians who are farmers or agricultural workers or work in related activities.

As in most primarily agricultural societies, few individuals can hope to achieve economic security without being part of a cooperating group of kinsmen. The joint family is also common in cities, where kinship ties can be crucial to obtaining scarce jobs or financial assistance.

Numerous prominent Indian families, such as the Tatas, Birlas, and Sarabhais, retain joint family arrangements even as they work together to control some of the country's largest financial empires.

Family life has its own advantages and disadvantages. If the parents-in-law don't get along with the daughter-in-law or if the daughter-in-law is not able to get along with her unmarried sisters-in-law, there are lots of emotional tensions and the man has to cope with it skillfully. Also, if there are two brothers, both married and living with their families under the same roof, there is the question of three families getting along - the parents-in-law and the families of the two sons. Usually, in a situation like this, the elder son and his wife are given more respect and importance and have more responsibilities to shoulder.

However, the main advantage of living life in this system is that the children get to learn a lot from their grandparents. Besides, if there are two brothers with their families living together, the cousins i.e. the children of the two brothers grow up together just as real siblings. The children grow up with a strong sense of security and stability.

The family system is given a lot of importance in India and has worked more often than not.


Till the recent past it was believed that premier education is not available in India, but the current development in the educational sector has led to the belief that quality education is indeed available in India. Research done in the past has highlighted loopholes in the curriculum and methodologies but these criticisms had acted upon and amendments were made. These included changes in the syllabus, introduction of new courses and dynamic methodologies. Modern infrastructures and teachers with adequate training are facilitating cutting-edge delivery of content; connected E-learning (called C- learning) is in vogue and today, India is attracting students from South Africa, China, Canada, France, Germany, Canada, Australia, UK and USA.

This unbelievable progress in the educational scenario also includes low costs of tuitions as compared to the western countries. The basic divisions in the academics include primary, secondary, senior secondary and higher education. Elementary education is till standard 8 while secondary and higher secondary education consists two years each. Graduation is between three to five years depending on the course after which there is an option for post-graduation (a two-year course) and research.


The politics of India takes place within the framework of a federal Westminster-style Parliamentary democratic constitutional republic, in which the President of India is head of state and the Prime Minister of India is the head of government. Executive power is exercised by the President and is independent of the legislature. Legislative power is vested in both the government and the two chambers of the Parliament of India, the Lok Sabha and the Rajya Sabha. Federal and state elections generally take place within a multi-party system, although this is not enshrined in law. The judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature,


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