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Should the United States Drill for Oil in the Alaskan Wilderness?


A. Grabber:

“In reality drilling is the slowest, dirtiest, and most expensive way to solve our energy crisis” quoted by Lois Capps

“Simply put, drilling in ANWR would be expensive, environmentally devastating, and would do very little to fix our energy crisis or to bring down the price of oil and gasoline” quoted by Allyson Schwartz

Drilling in ANWR fails to lower energy prices today and sets no long term energy strategy for tomorrow.

B. Background information on the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR)

In 1980 the United States Congress established the Arctic National Wildlife Reserve (ANWR) in Northern Alaska. The purpose of the reverse was to create a safe place for animals and plants where they would be undisturbed by humans beings. During the years that followed a growing energy crisis put pressure on ANWR. On other hand, The Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR) consists of 19 million acres in northeast Alaska. It is administered by the Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) in the Department of the Interior (DOI). Its 1.5 million acre coastal plain is currently viewed as one of the most likely U. S. onshore oil and gas prospects. In ANWR Congress has limited any oil drilling, this means that within the total 19.6 million acres of ANWR, only 2000 acres can be used! That’s less than ½ of 1% of the total area of ANWR.

C. Restatement of the question

Should the United States Drill for Oil in the Alaskan Wilderness?

D. Thesis and roadmap: The United States Congress should not allow oil drilling in ANWR for three reasons: environment, economy and political arguments.

II BODY PARAGRAPH #1: (Reason one: Environment)

A. Baby Thesis: One reason Congress should not allow oil drilling in ANWR because environment issues. In document a, c, d and e, we can see how drilling in ANWR can affect our environment and everything around us.

B. Evidence: Use the document to provide two or three details about Reason One.

In Document A, we can see how ANWR is a place full of beaches, forests, mountains, hills, and rivers; where animals and plants reproduce, eat and live. For this reason, we cannot drill in ANWR, to protect animals and plants. In Document C, we can notice how drilling cannot solve gasoline and oil supply problems and reduced prices. A study by the US Energy Information Agency shows it would only reduce US oil imports 4%, having no real effect on prices or supply. In addition, the war against terrorism it’s not possible to be self-sufficient given the amount of oil consumed as a nation. The US uses more oil than it could find domestically, even if it were to drill on all public lands; it uses 25% to 30% oil produced in the world, yet has less than 3% of known oil reserves.

C. Argument: For environment issues, is not a good reason to drill in ANWR because we affect our environment, and mostly the habitat of animals and plants.

III. BODY PARAGRAPH #2 (Reason two: Economy)

A. Baby Thesis: A second reason Congress should not allow oil drilling in ANWR is because of economy issues. In Documents B and D we can notice how drilling can affect our economy very negatively.

B. Evidence: Use the document to provide two or three details about Reason Two.

In Document B, we can see how


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