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¿Que Es La Linguistica?

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Enviado por   •  11 de Abril de 2013  •  971 Palabras (4 Páginas)  •  541 Visitas

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Things to remember

Linguistics is the scientific study of language-what we know when we know a language.

Main areas: phonetics, phonology, morphology, syntax, semantics, pragmatics.

Other areas: sociolinguistics, applied linguistics, historical linguistics, language acquisition, psycholinguistics, computational linguistics.

Important questions

Is it possible that a creature may learn to communicate with humans using language?

Does human language have special propertiesthat make it unique and different than any other communication systems found in nature?

Communicative & informative signals


Informative Signals

(sending signals unintentionally )

Communicative Signals

(intentionally communicating sth)

Informative signals

a cold = sneezed

not at ease = shifting around

disorganized = non-matching socks

stranger = strange accent

communicative signals



We have a quiz next week

I’m sorry,I don’t think I can make

it to the meeting



A blackbird producing a loud squawk

when a cat appears in the scene

Properties of human language1. Displacement

•Animal communication is designed for the immediate place and time (here and now)

•Humans can use language to refer to the past, present and future

e.g.last night, now, next week

•We can even talk about things and places whose existence we cannot be sure of.

e.g. angels, fairies, Superman, Santa Claus, heaven, hell

Properties of human language


Displacement is the property of human language that allows language users to talk about things and events not present in the immediate moment.

* Animal communication is generally considered to lackthis property

Properties of human language

2. Arbitrariness (in human language)Generally, there is no ‘natural’ connection between a linguistic form and its meaning. The relation between linguistic forms and the objects they refer to is arbitraryDog in English and كلب in Arabic.There are some words (onomatopoeic) in language with sounds that seems to ‘echo’ the sounds of objects or actions (less arbitrary)Onomatopoeia:the use of words that sound like the thing they are describing, (e.g. 'hiss' or 'boom’)Onomatopoeic words are relatively rare in human language.

Properties of human language


Productivity(creativity/ open-endlessness):

The capability of humans to continually create new expressions

and utterances to describe new objects and situations

oThe number of utterance in any human language is infinite.


ohave limited set of signals to choose from (fixed reference)

ocannot produce any new signals to describe novel experiences.

Properties of human language

4. Cultural transmission (in humans)

oHumans inherit physical features from their parents but not language.

oWe acquire a language in a culture with other speakers (not from parental genes)

Cultural transmission

The process whereby a language is passed on from one generation to the next.

oWe are born with a predisposition to acquire language (but not with the ability to produce utterances in a specific language)

oWe acquire our 1stlanguage as children in a culture.

Properties of human language

Cultural transmission (in animals)

Animal are born with a set of specific signals that are produced instinctively.

Human infants, growing up in isolation, produce no ‘instinctive’ language.

So, cultural transmission of a specific language is crucial in the human language acquisition process.

Properties of human language



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(2013, 04). ¿Que Es La Linguistica?. Recuperado 04, 2013, de

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"¿Que Es La Linguistica?." 04, 2013. consultado el 04, 2013.