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Security Officer Manual

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Enviado por   •  22 de Agosto de 2012  •  6.302 Palabras (26 Páginas)  •  209 Visitas

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Security Officer Manual

In this modern era of terrorism and law enforcement budgetary constraints, the security officer may be called on to perform many duties that until now were considered law enforcement functions. The security officer’s job now is much more than sitting in a guard shack and controlling access to a factory. This “job” for the retiree or want-to-be cop has become a profession in it’s own right. However, the image of the security officer has not changed. He is still viewed as the square badger idiot or want -to - be cop. This image will continue to persist because of a lack of educational and training standards in the profession. I have worked in the field ten years and have noticed an alarming trend in the private security industry to hire the least qualified candidate. This in and of itself would not be a problem if the industry had a uniform training standard. It does not. In many cases all the training an officer will receive will be brief information on the company he is working for and some basic information on fire control and answering telephones. While those are both major duties of the security officer , in this day and age, he may be called upon to handle many more demanding situations. These include but are not limited to terrorist attack and drug use among employees. The officer not only needs a clear understanding of the security profession but also needs a clear understanding of basic law enforcement techniques.

This manual is by no means a complete training manual for the security professional but it will cover some of the more basic security techniques and basic criminal justice areas; such as basic criminal law, search and seizure, arrest, investigation and crime scene protection.

Part I Patrol

Patrol is the most basic security function. No matter what area of security the officer works in , he may, at some time, be asked to conduct patrols. Patrols may consist of clock rounds in a factory, foot patrol in a mall, hospital, motel or hotel or vehicle patrol in an un-incorporated community or gated community. Patrol is a necessary evil of the security officer‘s job. The purpose of patrol is to prevent and detect crime, unauthorized activity and safety problems . Foot Patrol

The most common type of patrol is the foot patrol. An officer on foot patrol should be looking for any safety violations such as blocked fire exits, open or unlooked doors, blocked fire extinguishers and wet floors. He should check all fire extinguishers to ensure they are fully charged.. Also an officer should also be checking for potential fire hazards. While on patrol, check problem areas, such as employee parking areas, entrances and exits or other area’s that have reported problems in the past. If any of these are encountered while on patrol , the officer should investigate and take appropriate action. For example, an office door that should be locked after normal business hours is found unlocked. First investigate the area to make sure no one is working late or engaged in illegal activity. If nothing is found , lock the door and explain your actions in your activity log.

While on patrol the officer should avoid walking too close to walls or stacked boxes and avoid making sharp turns around corners by leaving a few feet between him and the wall. This will cut down on potential accidents. Occasionally, if possible, the officer’s patrol route should be altered.

Some client sites may require the security officer to conduct hourly “clock” rounds. The officer will have a determined patrol route to follow, in this case, the route cannot be altered. Each key station must be hit in order. In general, this patrol route will take the officer though areas that the client has determined to be problem areas. While conducting this kind of patrol it becomes quite easy to walk through a patrol route with blinders on. Not noticing any other security problems outside the immediate area of the next key station. Conducting clock rounds with “blinders on” must be avoided. If the officer walked through areas that do not have a key station not checking for security or safety issues the entire patrol is meaningless. While the keys are mainly placed in areas where it is thought the most security and safety violations occur, nothing is a sure bet and if the officer isn’t thorough on patrol the entire purpose is defeated.


Vehicle Patrol

Generally speaking vehicle patrol is a special function preformed at the request of the client. It may also be a service offered to many independent clients. The purpose of a vehicle patrol is so the officer can cover more area in a reasonable amount of time.

Before performing a vehicle patrol the car should be inspected to make sure that all lights and safety equipment(sealt belts, air bags and the like) are working properly before beginning the patrol. Any damage to the vehicle or non-functional safety equipment should be noted in the officer’s activity log. All patrol rounds made in the vehicle are recorded in the activity log.

The patrol should be conducted at low speed to allow the officer to thoroughly observe his patrol area. All suspicious activity should be investigated. Whenever the officer leaves the patrol car he should call into dispatch or contact another officer to advice them of his location and the nature of the stop. The officer should turn off the vehicle and take the keys. Under no circumstances should the vehicle be kept running.

Vehicle overhead lights are commonly used for high visibility patrol functions, such as hospital shift changes where there is a high volume of employees entering and exiting.

The main purpose for this type of patrol is visibility, for this reason, the vehicle should not be parked in one place for long periods of time.

Bike Patrol

Bike patrol is something quite common in my area of Myrtle Beach. Many of the hotels here are too large to conduct a thorough patrol on foot, yet too small for vehicle patrol. Generally speaking bike patrols are used for this exact type of situation.

The patrol itself should be conducted at a slow pace to ensure officer safety and to aid him in monitoring the patrol area.

Patrol Tips

While patrolling inside a building or complex move quietly, try not to advertise your presence. If the area is well lit try to walk in the shadows. This allows the officer to observe the area without being seen.


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