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Teotihuacan (Nahuatl, Teotihuacán, 'place where the gods were made, a city of the gods') 1 is the name given to what was one of the major cities of Mesoamerica during the pre-Hispanic times. The name is of Nahuatl origin and was employed by the Mexicans, but they know the name they gave their inhabitants. The remains of the city are northeast of the Valley of Mexico, in the city of Teotihuacan (Mexico State), about 45 kilometers away from downtown Mexico City. The area of archaeological monuments was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1987.

Teotihuacan's origins are still under investigation among scholars. Around the beginning of our era, Teotihuacan was a village that gained importance as a center of worship in the basin of Anahuac. The first major buildings are from that time, as shown by the excavations at the Pyramid of the Moon. The heyday of the city took place during the Classic Period (ss. III-VII AD). At this stage, the city was an important political and commercial node that came to have an area of almost 21 km2 with a population from 100 thousand to 200 thousand inhabitants. Teotihuacan's influence was felt by all walks of Mesoamerica, as shown by the discoveries in cities like Tikal and Monte Alban, among other sites that had an important bearing on Teotihuacan. The decline of the city occurred in the seventh century, in a context marked by political instability, internal rebellions and climate changes that caused a collapse in the north of Mesoamerica. Most of the city population was dispersed in various locations in the Basin of Mexico.

It is unknown what the ethnic identity of the first inhabitants of Teotihuacan. Among the candidates are the Totonac, the Nahua-speaking people’s otomangueana, particularly the Otomi. The most recent hypothesis suggests that Teotihuacan was a flourishing cosmopolitan metropolis in which groups were involved different ethnic origins, as evidenced by the findings in the Z


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