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Characteristics of the working groups

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Characteristics of the working groups

Group size.Large groups (those with a dozen or more members) are good to obtain information, if the group's goal is to describe facts, a larger group should be more effective. On the other hand, small groups are best to do something productive with those facts. Groups of about seven members are more effective to act. One of the most important findings related to the size of the group is the social rest, which is the tendency of individuals to spend less effort when working in groups than they do individually.

Status.It is a degree, position or level of prestige within a group. Status systems are an important factor in understanding the behavior, it is an important motivator and has consequences in behavior when individuals see a discrepancy between the perception of their status and the perception others have of this.

Group cohesion. Intuitively, it makes sense that groups where there is much internal disagreement and lack of cooperation less effective to complete their tasks groups where members generally agree, cooperate and accept each other. Research in this area has focused on group cohesion, ie, the degree to which group members identify with each other and share the objectives. Cohesion is important because it has been found that relates to the productivity of a group.

Another definition of group cohesion is one that refers to the degree of attraction experienced by the person to the other members of the group, it is interpreted as a field of motivating forces and is determined by various human factors such as esteem towards other group members, professional admiration, learning prospects, the sense of protectionism, etc. This cohesion can manifest itself in a pleasant atmosphere, cooperativeness, the integration of the group and, in general, satisfactory human relations.

If the objectives are desirable, a group cohesion is much more productive than one with less cohesion. But if the cohesion is high and attitudes are unfavorable productivity decreases. If the cohesion is low and objectives are supported, productivity increases, but not as much as cohesion and support are high.

The importance of cohesion. This feature is important for two main reasons. First, it helps to raise member satisfaction. On a computer that has members effectively communicate and relate to each other. They feel good about being part of the team. Even if your work is unsatisfactory or if the organization is oppressing, its members achieve some satisfaction when they enjoy their coworkers. Second, cohesion has a fundamental effect on performance.

Status in a group can be conferred informally according to certain characteristics, such as education, age, skills or experiences. Anything can have status value if the rest of the group not think so. The status is also formally conferred and it is important for employees to believe that the formal system of the organization is consistent, ie that this equality between the perceived range of an individual and the status symbols they receive from the organization.

Ethical, moral and group consciousness.In a basic sense, ethics is a set of values ​​and rules that define right and wrong behavior. These values ​​and rules indicate when it is acceptable behavior as unacceptable. What is considered ethical may depend on the perspective from which it is considered ethical issues.

Ethics is the study of the problems and moral decisions. Discusses the difference between good and evil, as well as the many shades of gray in what are supposed problems in black and white. Most decisions have moral consequences. Both as inside and outside of work. It is clear that any discussion involves consideration of the grounds and corresponding objectives. In order to improve understanding of the causes of ethical behavior and unethical. Personal experiences of reward or reinforcement of certain behaviors and punishment for others also make individual trend towards ethical conduct or immoral. Men and women have very different in terms of organizational behavior moral guidance.

Morality refers to the principles, rules and values ​​that people apply to decide what is right and what is wrong. This is a simple definition, in the abstract, but often terribly complex and difficult when real decisions are addressed.

The self-awareness is the ability to recognize and understand your moods, emotions and impulses and their impact on others. To be effective as a leader, one must "know yourself": this includes the good, the bad and the ugly! The self-aware people might know that social events create feelings of anxiety and deadlines put them in a bad mood. The self-awareness also extends to the understanding of our own motivations and goals. Conscious people themselves know what they want from their jobs and life in general. They are honest with themselves and are able to see when two different goals may be in conflict with each other. They recognize that the desire to have it all can cause stress in people who care for more deeply.


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