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Zonas folkloricas


Enviado por   •  15 de Agosto de 2015  •  Informes  •  1.039 Palabras (5 Páginas)  •  82 Visitas

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NORTH FOLKLORE INVESTIGATION.

BY: DANIELA FLORES

FORM:5ºB

DATE: Thursday May 14th , 2015


INTRODUCTION

THE NORTHERN ZONE INCLUDES REGIONS XV, I, II, III AND IV OF OUR COUNTRY. IT HAS LOTS OF CULTURE IN CONJUNCTION WITH OUR COUNTRIES NEIGHBORS, MAINLY PERU AND BOLIVIA. IS CHARACTERIZED BY DESERT CLIMATE, COLD IN THE NIGHT HEAT OF DAY, SO THEIR COSTUMES TYPICAL CONTEMPORARY FEATURES TO COMBAT LOW TEMPERATURE AND PROTECT YOURSELF FROM THE SUN DANCES ARE FAST PACED AND INFLUENCED BY RELIGIOUS MOTIVATIONS. THE INSTRUMENTS ARE MADE PRIMARILY OF WOOD AND SOME ANIMALS IN THE AREA THIS RESEARCH SAMPLE PRIMARILY DANCES, COSTUMES AND INSTRUMENTS IN THIS AREA


MUSIC

Indigenous music more old which is known in the area of the Chilean North corresponds to the Aymara cultures, then Quechua originated in Tarapaca.musica of the Andean and coastal area still receiving the influence of the Incas retains elements of its ancient cultures, sheltered and protected by isolation of urban centers and because access to the territory that hosts them requires long hours of travel by broken Plains and dusty solitary places.

At the time pre-conquista the inhabitants of the Region made their musical instruments with elements of your environment: bones, grey hair, stone, wood clay etc. also found some more complexes as: rattles, whistles and cowbells.

This is demonstrated by the studies of the archaeologists of the University of Tarapacá exposed in the archaeological .of San Miguel de Azapa Museum.

Pre-Columbian instruments are currently still being used as: tasksfor, quenas pinquillos bells and drums wind and percussion, as well as introduced by the Spaniards such as string instruments: guitar harp and violin

Ethnic music has a clear religious and collective character present in all the ancient ceremonial rites.

The incas did not know writing, but if it reached remarkable expressions in song, poetry, and legends of oral tradition, which has been a great heritage in the regions andinas.y in music in general.

Prehistoric musical instruments

• Globular flutes (skull of Armadillo)

• Flutes traverse (wood)

• Drum frame (wood)

• Jingle bells (metal arrepujado)

• Trumpets (pumpkins and bones)

• Whistles (phalanxes of llamas)

• Pan flute (wood)

Current musical instruments

  • Zamponas dishes
  • Box drum drummer
  • Trumpet Tuba breast
  • Pito chayera box
  • Sikuras
  • Charangos
  • Bandolas guitar
  • Mandolin harp
  • Accordion Chinese flute
  • Pututu tambourine
  • Triangle Quenas
  • Tasksfor Pinkillo
  • Ocarina. MATRACA

[pic 1]

[pic 2]


2. DANCE

Much of the artistic expressions of the North zone of Chile are influenced by the Aymara culture and its religious transculturation. In this article you will find a list of the main dances of the northern part of the country.


Huaina

It is a popular dance characteristic of the I and II Region. The Huaina, Huainito, or trot, is interpreted mainly to celebrate the agropastoral and religious festivals. It of a collective dance or couple, whose name in quechua means: dance. Like the Cacharpalla, the Huaina is pre-Columbian origin.

Cachimbo

He is considered the most traditional of the dances in the North of the country, mainly in the lower areas of the first Region of great influence Altiplano. It is similar to the cueca, since he wears the conquest of male with a pretty lady, guided by the graceful movement of handkerchiefs.

The indigenous

This dance which is recognized as a Northern Christmas Carol are used to celebrate Christmas. "Shepherds of Christmas" which are touring different homes to bless Nativity scenes dance it.

The instruments that accompany it are the quena, guitar, violins, drum and box. During some moments of the dance, the foreman, who is dancing directed) sounds a chime. The following is an excerpt of one of its most typical letters.

The Northern Cueca

In the Northern variety not the lyrics of the songs are sung, they only hear the melody consisting of sounds given by the following instruments: the trumpet, tuba, drum and the box.

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